Table of Contents

Section officer English Learning: One Word Substitution

The following is the Section Officer English Language Competence Test on One Word Substitutions that has recently been published.

One Word Substitution

The following is the Section Officer English Language Competence Test on One Word Substitutions that has recently been published.


Lok Sewa Aayog Section Office Preparation

1.

Pardon given to political prisoners

– Amnesty

2.

A place where government records are kept

– Archives

3.

A story in which ideas are symbolized as people

– Allegory

4.

A slang word for the under world

– Alibi

5.

The money that that court asks a man to pay to his divorced or legally separated wife

– Alimony

6.

Washing of the human body especially in the religious ceremony

– Ablution

7.

A tall, strong, masculine kind of woman

– Amazon

8.

A written declaration made as an oath

– Affidavit

9.

One who doesn’t believe in god

– Atheist

10.

Animals living in water

– Aquatic

11.

The right of self government

– Autonomy

12.

A country which has no government

– Anarchy

13.

A medicine which produces insensitivity

– Anesthetic

14.

A substance that destroys germs

– Antiseptic

15.

A person who plays for pleasure

– Amateur

16.

A person appointed by two parties to settle down the dispute

– Arbiter

17.

A group of islands lying together

– Archipelago

18.

One who is out to destroy the government

– Anarchist

19.

A place for keeping bees

– Apiary

20.

Total loss of voice

– Aphonia

21.

Yearly return of a date

– Anniversary

22.

People at a concert

– Audience

23.

A place where weapons and ammunitions are stored

– Arsenal/armory

24.

A letter or document which does not bear the name of the author

– Anonymous

25.

A person who commits the first act of attack

– Aggressor

26.

A government where the powers are concentrated in the hands of one person especially by a king

-Autocracy

27.

A minister representing a sovereign state in a foreign country

– Ambassador

28.

The study of ancient societies

– Archeology

29.

The cutting of an organ by surgery

– Amputate

30.

Partial loss of memory

– Amnesia

31.

A government by the rich

-Aristocracy/plutocracy

32.

Fear of man

– Androphobia

33.

Fear of cats

– Ailurophobia

34.

A fear of heights

Acrophobia

35.

A person who is not much interested in his own welfare but in the welfare of others

– Altruist

36.

A person who is not interested in any materialistic possessions

– Ascetic

37.

Study of human being

– Anthropology

38.

Strong and settled dislike between two people/ parties

-Antipathy

39.

One who studies things of the past

– Antiquarian

40.

A person who kills for political reasons

– Assassinator

41.

Cutting of the dead body

– Autopsy

42.

One who learns under a more experienced person to learn the trade

– Apprentice

43.

Commencement of a word with the same letter

– Alliteration

44.

Old students of an institution

-Alumni

45.

A place on which offerings to god are made

– Altar

46.

One who gives up his religion

-Apostate

47.

An unmarried man

-Bachelor

48.

A person who always wants to fight

-Bellicose

49.

A country or soldier engaged in war

– Belligerent

50.

Using abusive language towards god

– Blasphemous

51.

A place where soldiers stay

– Barrack

52.

A place in a church where the bell is hung

– Belfry

53.

The collection of flags

– Bunting

54.

A person who loves reading books

– Bibliophile

55.

A person who is conservative towards his religion

– Bigot/fanatic

56.

A mistake

– Blunder

57.

A person who breaks into another’s house to steal

– Burglar

58.

A bunch of flowers

– Bouquet

59.

A state of having no money

– Insolvent/bankrupt

60.

A place where beer is made

– Brewery

61.

Passion for reading books

– Bibliomania

62.

An instrument for measuring pressure

– Barometer

63.

An unwanted person

– Black sheep

64.

A place where books are bound

– Bindery

65.

The practice of marrying two wives/husbands

– Bigamy

66.

A religious war

– Crusade

67.

A person who introduces the performers and speakers

– Compere

68.

The art of beautiful handwriting

– Calligraphy

69.

A person who is bad at spellings

– Cacographist

70.

A dead body of an animal

– Carcass

71.

The dead body of human being

– Corpse

72.

A person who mends shoes

– Cobbler

73.

A person of the same rank, position or status

– Colleague

74.

A person who draws maps and charts

– Cartographist

75.

Existing at the same time

– Contemporary

76.

The art of smuggling goods

– Contraband

77.

Soldiers on horseback

– Cavalry

78.

A number of stars grouped together

– Constellation

79.

People on a ship

– Crew

80.

A place for gambling

– Casino

81.

One who eats human cannibal

– Cannibal

82.

One who is more than hundred years old

– Centenarian

83.

One who believes the whole world as his country

– Cosmopolitan

84.

One who sells sweets and pastries

– Confectioner

85.

People in a church, temple or mosque for devotion

– Congregation

86.

An official bulletin

– Communiqué

87.

A state of being unmarried

– Celibacy

88.

A fear of enclosed places

Claustrophobia

89.

A fear of dogs

– Cynophobia

90.

A doctor who specializes in heart disease

– Cardiologist

91.

A person in charge of museum

– Curator

92.

A place where dead bodies are burnt

– Crematorium

93.

Comical drawing of a person found in newspaper

– Caricature

94.

A disease that is spread by touch

– Contagious

95.

Something kept secret, hidden

– Clandestine

96.

A person who does tricks which appear magical

– Conjuror

97.

Money paid for damage of property

– Compensation

98.

Study of colour

– Chromatics

99.

A place for shelter of ships

– Dockyard

100.

An abnormal craving for alcoholic drinks

– Dipsomania

101.

A person who has a gloomy nature

– Despondent

102.

A person who is skillful with his both hands

– Dexterous

103.

A person who looks after cattle

– Drover

104.

A language of a region having its own use

– Dialect

105.

A doctor who specializes in skin diseases

– Dermatologist

106.

To cause troops etc to spread out in readiness for battle

– Deploy

107.

A very fashionable person

– Dandy

108.

A song sung at a funeral

Dirge

109.

A place where one lives permanently

– Domicile

110.

One who stirs others for votes before the elections

– Demagogue

111.

To be sent from one’s native country

– Expatriate

112.

A person who is sent out on a mission

– Emissary

113.

A man who has womanish characteristics

– Effeminate

114.

Boredom and frustration in life

– Ennui

115.

Bringing about gentle and painless death from incurable disease

– Euthanasia

116.

Fit to be choosen

– Eligible

117.

That which can be eaten

– Edible

118.

A disease that spreads over a large area

– Epidemic

119.

That which cannot be explained

– Inexplicable

120.

The art of spying

– Espionage

121.

A lover of food, drink and entertainment

– Epicurean

122.

A group of most powerful and influencing people in a society

– Elite

123.

Money given to a person without any legal binding

– Ex-gratia

124.

A person who is frank, open, broad minded

– Extrovert

125.

A well educated and learned person

– Erudite

126.

Study of derivation of words

– Etymology

127.

Study of insects

– Entomology

128.

Study of unborn babies

– Embryology

129.

A book containing all branches of knowledge

– Encyclopedia

130.

A speech made at the beginning of a play or epic

– Epilogue

131.

An order made by a government in order to stop trade with another country

– Embargo

132.

Inscription on a tomb

– Epitaph

133.

A large movement of a group of people from one place to another

– Exodus

134.

An art of effective speaking

– Elocution

135.

One who has settled down in a foreign country permanently

– Emigrant

136.

Study of social groups

– Ethnology

137.

A person very difficult to please

– Fastidious/insatiable

138.

The killing of children

– Filicide

139.

The killing of own sister

– Felicide/sororicide

140.

The killing of one’s brother

– Fratricide

141.

One who takes and active role in the cause of woman’s problems

– Feminist

142.

The killing of a whole race of people

– Genocide

143.

A very talkative person

– Garrulous/ loquacious

144.

Study of manuscripts and written documents

– Graphology

145.

Lover of food or who eats much

– Gourmand/ gourmet

146.

To over see something at short notice

– Glimpse

147.

Study of rocks

– Geology

148.

A person who eats too much

– Glutton

149.

Study of old aged people

– Gerontology

150.

A person who easily believes

– Gullible/ credulous

151.

An exaggerated statement

– Hyperbole

152.

Fear of water

– Hydrophobia

153.

A group of houses in a village

– Hamlet

154.

A place where planes are kept

– Hanger

155.

Morning prayer in a church

– Hymn

156.

Somebody who pretends to be what he is not

– Hypocrite

157.

One who acts against religion

– Heretic

158.

A case in which a revolver is kept

– Holster

159.

Something neat and clean

– Immaculate

160.

Capable of easily being burnt

– Incombustible

161.

That which cannot be corrected

– Incorrigible

162.

That which cannot be avoided

– Inevitable

163.

That which cannot be read easily

– Illegible

164.

A person who is reserved or speaks less

– Introvert

165.

A person who is very lazy , has no desire to work

– Indolent

166.

That which is unplanned

– Impromptu/ extempore

167.

That which cannot be changed

– Irrevocable

168.

A formal charge against a person for some crime or offense

– Indictment

169.

Murder of new born babies

– Infanticide

170.

A plan for a route to be followed on a journey

– Itinerary

171.

One who goes to another country to settle down

– Immigrant

172.

Born of illegal parents

– Illegitimate

173.

Language difficult to understand because of bad form

– Jargon

174.

A short journey for pleasure

– Jaunt

175.

Passion for stealing

– Kleptomania

176.

A quickly changing scene or pattern

– Kaleidoscope

177.

A school for young children

– Kindergarten

178.

A place where bricks are burnt

– Kiln

179.

Property left to someone by will

– Legacy

180.

A false statement to damage a person’s reputation

– Libel/ defamation

181.

The scientific study of the language

– Linguistic

182.

The art of reasoning

– Logic

183.

A person who cuts precious stones

– Lapidist

184.

A person who compiles words in a dictionary

– Lexicographer

185.

The killing of one’s mother

– Matricide

186.

The habit of speaking with self

– Monologue

187.

Obsession with one idea

– Monomania

188.

The first speech made by a person

– Maiden speech

189.

A place where monks stay

– Monastery

190.

A person clumsy with one hands

– Maladroit

191.

A person who hates the custom of marriage

– Misogamist

192.

A person who hates the company of women

– Misogynist

193.

A person who is not interested in learning

– Misologist

194.

A very generous person

– Magnanimous

195.

A person who hates mankind

– Misanthrope

196.

A person who pays careful attention to very small details

– Meticulous

197.

A handwritten document

– Manuscript

198.

A person who kills for money

– Mercenary

199.

A hotel for motorist

– Motel

200.

A place where dead bodies are kept identification

– Morgue

201.

Principles of political party

– Manifesto

202.

Fear of nights

– Nyctophobia

203.

A person who collects coins

– Numismatist

204.

The act of favouring one’s own relatives

– Nepotism

205.

Wistful longing of the past

– Nostalgia

206.

Act of being bare clothing

– Nudity

207.

A person who looks at the bright side of life

– Optimist

208.

A ceremony in which somebody becomes priest

– Ordinance

209.

Large guns on wheels artillery

– Ordnance

210.

A person who has deep knowledge of a particular area

– Omniscient

211.

Fear of crowds

– Ochlophobia

212.

A person who is good at spellings

– Orthographist

213.

A very conservative person

– Orthodox

214.

A long wandering journey

– Odyssey

215.

That which is all powerful

– Omnipotent

216.

That which is no longer in use

– Obsolete

217.

Study of mountains

– Orology

218.

The act of putting off things

– Procrastinate

219.

A person who looks at the dark side of life

– Pessimist

220.

Promise made by the prisoner not to escape

– Parole

221.

That which can be easily carried

– Portable

222.

The killing of one’s father

– Patricide

223.

A scholar , a person who displays his knowledge

-Pedant

224.

A person who loves mankind

– Philanthropist

225.

Fear of everything in general

– Panaphobia

226.

Fear of children

– Pedaphobia

227.

Passion for money

– Plutomania

228.

Study of different language

– Philology

229.

Study of prison reforms

– Penology

230.

A false name used by an author instead of his real name

– Pseudonym

231.

A person who steals words and ideas from others and says that it is his own

– Plagiarist

232.

A person who shows off his newly acquired wealth

– Parvenu

233.

Land surrounded by water on three sides

– Peninsula

234.

The belief that god is present in all natural things

– Pantheism

235.

Study of speech sound

– Phonetics

236.

Property inherited from ones parents

-Patrimony

237.

A person who knows many language

– Polyglot

238.

A cure for all diseases

– Panacea

239.

Happening, done, published, etc after a person has died

Posthumous

240.

A person who want to make peace

– Pacifist

241.

A person who collects stamps

– Philatelist

242.

A speech made at the end of the play or epic

– Prologue

243.

One who walks on the road

– Pedestrian

244.

A person who loves his country very much

– Patriot

245.

Physical examination of the dead body

– Post-mortem

246.

A wide open view

– Panorama

247.

Study of disease

– Pathology

248.

Something that can be taken for granted

– Postulate

249.

A woman who has several husbands at a time

– Polyandry

250.

One who leads in a field

– Pioneer

251.

Killing of one’s parents

– Parricide

252.

Separation of patients in a hospital to avoid infection

– Quarantine

253.

The killing of own king

– Regicide

254.

A decision made by a majority

– Referendum

255.

A person who gives up his religion and takes another

– Renegade

256.

Too much government official formality

– Red-tapism

257.

To go to the village side to relax away from the noise of the city

– Rusticate

258.

An angry crowd

– Rabble/mob

259.

The study of earthquakes

– Seismography

260.

A country that respects all religions

– Secular

261.

A thing kept in memory of a person

– Souvenir

262.

A breaking of religious idols

– Sacrilege

263.

Fear of food

– Sitophobia

264.

A person who always doubts

– Skeptical

265.

A person who talks in his sleep

– Somnaloquent

266.

A person who talks to himself

– Soliloquist

267.

A person who spends a lot of money

– Spendthrift

268.

A person who takes the blame for others

– Scapegoat

269.

An unmarried woman

– Spinster

270.

One who loads and unloads on a ship

– Stevedore

271.

A case in which the sword is kept

– Sheath

272.

High salary no work

– Sinecure

273.

A person who has given up alcoholic drinks

– Teetotaller

274.

A person who remains quiet as a habit

– Taciturn

275.

A person who believes in god

– Theist

276.

Study of religion

– Theology

277.

Study of physical features of land, study of art of printing

– Topography

278.

A book of both antonyms and synonyms

– Thesaurus

279.

A person who changes sides easily

– Turncoat

280.

A person who loves his wife very much

– Uxorious

281.

A loud mouthed turbulent kind of woman

– Virago

282.

A well experienced person

– Veteran

283.

One who sell goods door to door

– Vendor

284.

A multi talented person

– Versatile

285.

Language that has been used very much

– Verbose/ hackneyed

286.

A quarrel among family members

-Vendetta

287.

Daily earned money

– Wage

288.

A place where clothes are placed

– Wardrobe

289.

A man whose wife is dead

– Widower

290.

A woman whose husband is dead

– Widow

291.

Fear of foreigners

– Xenophobia

292.

One who love oneself

– Egoist

293.

One who believes in fate

– Fatalist

294.

A person who is womanish in his habits

– Effeminate

295.

One who breaks images and idols

– Iconoclast

296.

One who walks in his sleep

– Somnambulist

297.

One who makes scientific study of language

– Linguist

298.

One who knows many language

– Polyglot

299.

One who enjoys others confident

– Confidant

300.

One who sails around stopping and robbing ships at sea

– Pirate

301.

One who spends or wastes money for luxury

– Extravagant

302.

One who makes eloquent public speech

– Orator

303.

One who undergoes the penalty of death for persistence in his faith

– Martyr

304.

A child whose parents are dead

– Orphan

305.

A person who travels far for learning about it

– Explorer

306.

A disease that is found regularly in a particular area

– Endemic

307.

A disease that causes death

– Fatal

308.

Having a tendency to break the law to do socially unacceptable things

– Delinquent

309.

A medicine that causes sleep

– Narcotic

310.

A game or battle in which no party gains victory

– Drawn

311.

A roundabout way of expression

– Circumlocution

312.

A short story designed to teach a moral or religious lesson

– Parable

313.

A speech which is delivered without preparation

– Extempore

314.

The life story of a man written by himself

– Autobiography

315.

The life story of a man written by other

– Biography

316.

Animals which live in flocks

– Gregarious

317.

Anything no longer in use

– Obsolete

318.

Article sold by one country to another

– Export

319.

Article bought by one country from another

– Import

320.

That which cannot be heard

– Inaudible

321.

That which cannot be consumed by fire

– Incombustible

322.

That which cannot be believed

– Incredible

323.

That which cannot be blotted

– Indelible

324.

That which cannot be denied or questioned

– Indisputable

325.

That which cannot be cured

– Incurable

326.

That without which one can’t do

– Indispensable

327.

That which never tires out

– Inexhaustible

328.

That which cannot be easily reached

– Inaccessible

329.

That which cannot be defended

– Indefensible

330.

That which never fails

– Infallible

331.

That which can be seen through

– Transparent

332.

That which cannot be seen

– Invisible

333.

That which cannot be repaired

– Irreparable

334.

That which is not to the point

– Irrelevant

335.

That which cannot be taken away by force

– Impregnable

336.

Incapable of being wounded

– Invulnerable

337.

Incapable of being divided

– Indivisible

338.

Incapable of being dissolved

– Insoluble

339.

Incapable of being understood

– Unintelligible

340.

Incapable of being imitated

– Inimitable

341.

That which cannot be seen through

– Opaque

342.

That which happens every two years

– Biennial

343.

That which happens every four years

– Quadrennial

344.

That which happens half year

– Semiannual

345.

That which occurs time after time

– Perennial

346.

A man who leads an immoral life

– Libertine

347.

A medicine to counteract the effect of medicine

– Antidote

348.

The science of reasoning

– Logic

349.

Related to the sun

– Solar

350.

Related to the moon

– Lunar

351.

The practice of marrying only once

– Monogamy

352.

The practice of having more than a wife at a time

– Polygamy

353.

Allowance due to a wife on legal separation from her husband

– Alimony

354.

The act of speaking disrespectfully about the sacred things

– Blasphemy

355.

An office for which no salary is paid

– Honorary

356.

The sum paid to a man for his labour

– Remuneration

357.

Compulsory enlistment of military and other services

– Conscription

358.

Of one’s own free will

– Volunteer

359.

All of one mind

– Unanimous

360.

Occurring at the same time

– Simultaneous

361.

Give tit for tat

– Retaliate

362.

A figure with many angles and sides

– Polygon

363.

One who is fond of entertaining the guests

– Hospitable

364.

One who is revengeful

– Vindictive

365.

One who is interested in old things works of books

– Antiquarian

366.

The original inhabitants of the country

– Aborigines

367.

A person who has many love affairs without intending to marry

– Philanderer

368.

One who can use either hand with perfect ease

– Ambidextrous

369.

The state of abstention from marriage

– Celibacy

370.

Land that grows things in abundance

– Fertile

371.

Land that does not grow anything

– Barren

372.

A house which is visited by ghosts

– Haunted

373.

A place for the burial of the dead body

– Cemetery

374.

A place erected in remembrance of a person or event

– Monument

375.

Paradise or a place where one gets supreme delight and bliss

– Elysium

376.

A small set or committee of top leaders which runs the election for the party

– Caucus

377.

Person who pilots or travels in a balloon , airship or other aircraft

– Aeronaut



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